BOOK I – GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I – BASIC PRINCIPLES
Title and General Policy
SECTION 1.Title. This Ordinance shall be known as the “Women Development Code of Davao City”.
SECTION 2.Declaration of Policy and Principles of the Local Government of Davao City.
It shall be the policy of the Local Government of Davao City to uphold the rights of women and the belief in their worth and dignity as human beings. Women shall be recognized as full and equal partners of men in development and nation building and men shall share equally with all forms of productive and reproductive activities.
The Local Government of Davao city shall actively contribute to the establishment of a national and international economic order based on sustained, equitable growth and balanced ecology. And that any development efforts it undertakes should enhance women’s full potentials, uplift their status and lead to the improvement of their quality of lives, their families and that of their communities.
Towards this end, the Local Government of Davao City shall pursue and implement vigorously gender responsive development support systems, taking into consideration women’s immediate economic survival with support for their efforts of empowerment and self-determination, and to adopt and implement measures to protect and promote their rights.
TO ATTAIN THE FOREGOING POLICY:
1.Thirty percent of the Official Development Assistance funds received from foreign governments and multilateral agencies and organizations shall be set aside and utilized in accordance with the provision of RA 7192 otherwise known as Women in Development and Nation Building Act, by the Local Government departments and agencies of Davao City concerned to support programs and activities for women.
2.All Local Government departments and agencies of Davao City shall ensure that Women benefit equally and participate directly in the development programs and projects of said departments and agencies, specifically those funded under official foreign development assistance, to ensure the full participation and involvement of women in the development process, pursuant to RA 7192.
3.All government project proposals shall ascertain the inclusion of gender responsive indicators and guidelines while not be remiss in locating the root of women’s oppression, pursuant to the United Nations Declaration of which the Philippine government is a signatory.
4.All Local Government Departments and agencies of Davao City upon effectivity of this Code shall review and revise all their regulations, circulars, issuances and procedures to remove gender bias therein, and shall complete the same within two years.
5.The Council for Women of Davao City, as provided for under Section 30 Article II, Chapter II, Book I of this Code shall be actively consulted in matters dealing with official development assistance or foreign aid so as to determine gender biases and implications on women.
SECTION 3.Rights of Women Defined.
Women Rights are the rights of women that are defined and declared by the United Nations under Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) which we hereby adopt as follows:
a)Women have the right to the prevention of and protection from all forms of violence and coercion against their person, their freedom, their sexuality, and their individuality.
b)Women have the right to freely and fully participate individually or collectively in the political processes of their communities and nations.
c)Women have the right to the means for assuring their economic welfare and security.
d)Women have the right to the necessary knowledge and means for the full exercise of their reproductive choice in accordance to the Constitution and their beliefs and preferences.
e)Women have the right to choose a spouse in accordance with their values and preferences, maintain equality in marriage or its dissolution, and obtain adequate support for rearing and caring of their children.
f)Women have the right to an adequate, relevant and gender-fair education through-out their lives, from childhood to adulthood.
g)Women have the right to adequate nutrition and proper health care.
h)Women have the right to humane living conditions.
i)Women have the right to nurture their personhood, collectively and individually, to secure an image of themselves as whole and valuable human beings, to build relationships based on respect, trust and mutuality.
j)Women have the right to equality before the law in principle as well as in practice.
SECTION 4.Gender, Development, Discrimination, Commodification Explained:
Gender – is a socially constructed difference between men and women. Differences are created artificially, partly through socialization and partly through positive and negative discrimination in the various institutions and structures of society.
Development – is the improvement of the quality of life of all regardless of age, sex, gender, tribe, race, creed and religion. It is characterized by an enrichment of Filipino indigenous resources, sustainable utilization of the natural resources of the country and freedom from dependency. It is therefore, sustained, equitable growth and balanced ecology.
Discrimination Against Women – any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has purpose or effect of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women of their rights irrespective of their marital status.
Commodification of Women – is a practice, which puts women in subordinate situation, which results in the treatment of women as both consumers and objects. As consumers, women are allured to buy beauty products to enhance their physical attractiveness. As objects of consumption, women are reduced to a sexual commodity for manipulation and utilization for one’s sexual desire or interest usually in exchange of money or goods so that women have no control or power to reject such utilization or manipulation.
CHAPTER II – DEVELOPMENTAL CONCERNS
Violence Against Women
SECTION 1.Violence Against Women Defined - any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such act, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
SECTION 2.Violence against women shall include but is not limited to:
a)Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family and other close relationships, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation.
b)Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and forced prostitution.
c)Physical, sexual and psychological violence perpetuated against women and condoned by the State, wherever it occurs.
d)Violations of the human rights of women in situations of armed-conflict, in particular murder, physical and psychological torture, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy.
e)Forced sterilization and forced abortion, coercive/ forced use of contraceptives, prenatal sex selection and female infanticide.
f)To buy or sell a woman or any of her body parts for profit.
g)Feminization of poverty, which is regarded as a condition when gap between the rich and poor widens and grassroots women bear the brunt as in economic instability and unequal distribution of wealth. Such gap reinforces non-response to both practical and strategic interests of women.
SECTION 3.Sexual Abuse Defined.
Sexual abuse shall include but is not limited to the following:
1.When a man inserts or attempts to insert his penis into the mouth or anus of a woman under any of the following situations:
a)through force, threat or intimidation;
b)by means of authority or relationship;
c)when the offended party is deprived of reason or is otherwise unconscious;
d)when the offended party is below twelve years old, even though none of the above circumstances is present.
2.When a person who inserts part of his or her body other than the sexual organ, or who introduces any object or instrument into the genital or anus of a woman under any of the situations stated in paragraph 1.
3.When a person subjects another to have sexual intercourse with an animal under any of the circumstances stated in paragraph 1 or through any abnormal, unusual or ignominious sexual act.
4.Any intentional contact however slight of one’s penis to the genital, mouth, breast or anus of a woman or intentional contact thereof, however slight, to any part of her body other than her sexual organ; or the use of any instrument or object which intentionally touches the genital, breast or anus of a woman.
5.Sexual abuse in intimate marital relations. Forced sexual act committed under intimate or marital relations shall form part of sexual abuse such as those between 3
man and woman, woman and woman, man and man relations, married or unmarried, legally separated or separated in fact.
SECTION 4.Battering Defined – a series of physical, emotional and psychological abuse. It is a repeated and habitual cyclic pattern as means of intimidation and imposition of the batterer’s will and control over the survivor’s life. Battering constitutes the following kinds of behavior but is not limited to:
a)Sexual battering – this includes physical attacks on the women’s breasts / genitals or forced sexual activity, accompanied by either physical violence or the threat of physical violence.
b)Psychological battering – this includes threats of suicide, violence against the woman or her family, punching, breaking or defacing or otherwise destroying the house or any part thereof; or of the personal belongings of a woman, threatening to take the children away, threatening deportation of wives with foreign citizenship, threatening to kidnap children or take them to a foreign country and forcing the victim to do degrading things; controlling the victim’s lawful or usual activities, the use of foul and insulting words or statements and threats of abandonment and expulsion such as forcing the wives to leave the conjugal dwelling. This provision shall likewise apply to common-law relations but does not include adulterous ones as contemplated in the Revised Penal Code.
c)Economic battering – this includes deprivation of women of economic resources, their generation and mobilization so as to create dependency and submissiveness to men and to any established structures of domination.
SECTION 5.Trafficking in Women Defined – is a covert or overt recruitment of women into the sex trade industry. It includes new forms of sexual exploitation such as sex tourism, the recruitment of domestic labor to work in developed countries, and organized marriages between women from third world countries and foreign nationals; promoting or initiating a system in which women become movable properties and objects of exchange.
Trafficking in Women shall include the following but is not limited to:
a)For any persons association, cult, religion or organization or similar entities to commit the following:
- establish or carry on business for the purpose of matching women for marriage to foreigner either on a mail order basis or through personal introduction or cyberspace;
- advertise, publish, print or distribute, or cause the advertisement, publication, printing or distribution of any brochure, flyer or propaganda material calculated to promote the above-mentioned prohibited acts for profit or advantage;
- solicit, enlist, or attract / induce any woman to join any club, association or organization whose objective is to match women for marriage to foreigners
- either on a mail-order basis or through personal introduction or cyberspace or any other forms which facilitate the act of solicitation;
- use the postal services, cyberspace or satellite TV to promote the above-mentioned prohibited acts.
b)to buy or sell a woman, or any of her body parts for profit; or to use her body by any pretext; to be used for experiments, research or the like without her consent.
c)to act as procurer of a sex worker.
d)to threaten or use violence and force a woman to become a mail-order bride.
SECTION 6.Mail Order Bride Defined. 4
It is a practice where woman establish a personal relations with male-foreign national via mail or similar means upon recruitment by an individual or agency for the purpose of exploiting women in guise of marriage.
SECTION 7.Sexual Harassment Defined.
It is a form of misconduct involving an act or a series of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, made directly, indirectly or impliedly.
Sexual harassment shall be unlawful in the employment, education or training environment as prescribed in RA 7877.
SECTION 8. Other Form of Sexual Harassment.
Other than the definition provided by RA 7877 the following constitute sexual harassment some of which are covered by the Revised Penal Code under Acts of Lasciviousness:
1.Persistent telling of offensive jokes such as green jokes or other analogous statements to someone who finds them offensive or humiliating;
2.Taunting a person with constant talk about sex and sexual innuendos;
3.Displaying offensive or lewd pictures and publications in the workplace;
4.Interrogating someone about sexual activities or private life; during interviews for employment, scholarship grant or any lawful activity applied for;
5.Making offensive hand or body gestures at someone;
6.Repeatedly asking for dates despite verbal rejection;
7.Staring or leering maliciously;
8.Touching, pinching or brushing up against someone’s body unnecessarily or deliberately;
9.Kissing or embracing someone against her will;
10.Requesting sexual favors in exchange for a good grade, obtaining a good job or promotion, etc.;
11.Cursing, whistling or calling a woman in public with words having dirty connotations or implications which tend to ridicule, humiliate or embarrass the woman such as “puta”, “boring”, “peste”, etc.
12.Any other unnecessary acts during physical examinations;
13.Requiring women to wear suggestive or provocative attire during interviews such as job hiring, promotion, and admission.
SECTION 9.Pedophilia Defined.
Pedophilia which is a form of sexual perversion where children are the preferred victims is defined under the following circumstances:
a)When the offender shall have sexual intercourse with a girl;
b)When the offender shall have anal intercourse with a boy or girl.
SECTION 10. Prohibition of Printing, Publication, Display and Distribution of Pornographic Scenes on Movie / TV Trailers / Shows, Posters, Billboards and other Materials and Similar Literature.
It shall be unlawful for any person to print, publish, display or distribute pornographic scenes on movie / TV trailers / shows, posters, billboards, literature and other visual materials which treat women as sex objects and commodities.
SECTION 11. Pornographic and indecent Shows.
Indecent shows as used in this Code include nude or other provocative gestures which further project and exhibit women as sex objects.
Any person or agency who engages in shows depicting women as sex objects in private or in public place or under scandalous circumstances shall violate women’s rights.
SECTION 12. Liveshows.
It shall be a violation of women’s rights to influence or force a woman or girl-child to dance or do naked shows in public or private places for commercial or entertainment purposes.
SECTION 13. Comprehensive Support to Women-Survivors of Violence.
The Local Government of Davao City shall provide a comprehensive support to women-survivor of violence, which consists of but not limited to the following:
a)Immediately conduct an investigation within 24 hours;
b)Provide for counseling and medical services for the offended party;
c)Gather evidence for the arrest and prosecution of the offenders;
d)Make a report of his/her investigation, and on the basis of the offended party’s testimony and additional evidence, if any, endorse the same to the proper prosecution office within 36 hours from time of filing, regardless of his / her evaluation of the case;
e)The investigation officer or the examining physician, if possible of the same sex as the offended party, ensures that only persons expressly authorized by the latter are allowed inside the room where the investigation or medical or physical examination is being conducted.
f)Women victims-survivors of all forms of violence shall be registered in a community-based psychological program that shall assist the women I holistically rebuilding and empowering themselves;
g)All investigations / hearing involving rape cases and other forms of violence against women conducted in the police stations, prosecutor’s office and the trial courts shall recognize the survivor’s social support group as expressly allowed or requested by the offended party;
h)A temporary shelter with appropriate support services for women in crisis shall be appropriately constructed under the management and supervision of the City Social Services and Development Office.
SECTION 14. Psychosocial Program.
It is an intervention using a system approach to conditions of women as it views women’s differentiated needs in a social context.
SECTION 15. Survivor’s Support Group Defined.
It is an organized group of women to whom a woman-survivor of violence voluntarily agrees to establish a professional helping process.
SECTION 16. Support Services for Women in the Entertainment Industry, Entertainment Industry Defined - includes establishments identified as places of amusement as defined in the Local Tax Code of Davao City, Ordinance No. 230. Series of 1991.
Other Places of Amusement - include all other places of amusement not specifically enumerated or otherwise provided for in this Ordinance, including but not limited to night clubs or day clubs, cocktail lounges, super or family clubs, disco houses, minus-one or sing along houses, bars or beer houses / gardens, fast food centers showing sports competitions or replay shows by direct hook up via satellite or those showing video cassette films / movies, beach resorts, and other places of amusement where one seeks admission to entertain himself whether by seeing or viewing or by direct participation.
The Local Government of Davao City shall provide socio-economic support services for women in the entertainment industry in its desire to concretely respond to their practical needs.
SECTION 17. Free Medical Routine Check-up.
Women in the entertainment industry shall be afforded with free medical routine check-up and medicines if needed.
SECTION 18. Prostitution as a Violation for Women’s Rights.
Prostitution shall be recognized as a violation of human rights and exploitation of women to have no real choices for survival.
SECTION 19. Local Monitoring Board for Violence in Media.
A local Monitoring Board for movie, print, broadcast, and multi-media, shall be set-up to classify, censure, prohibit or regulate the exhibition of materials degrading women. The Board’s function shall also extend to video shops, electronic communication, cable television, books and other forms of audio visual channels or instruments.
SECTION 20. Creation of Women Complaints Relation Section (WCRS)
and Appointment of WCRS Officer.
The Local Government of Davao City shall create the WCRS and appoint WCRS Officer in all police stations in Davao City to specifically handle concerns of women.
SECTION 21. Role of Female Police Officer.
Complaints filed by women on battering and other forms of abuse against them shall be handled by female officers in the local police force who shall undergo special courses on handling cases affecting abused women.
SECTION 22. Creation of Family Arbitration Committee within the Lupong Tagapamayapa.
There shall be created a Family Arbitration Committee within the Lupong Tagapamayapa of each barangay to resolve cases on family violence.
SECTION 23. Creation of Medico-Legal Desk for Women at the City Social Services and Development Office.
There shall be a Medico-Legal Desk for Women at the City Social Services and Development Office to cater to specific women problems and concerns.
SECTION 24. Creation of Multi-Disciplinary and Multi-Sectoral Coordinating Council on Family Violence.
A Multi-Disciplinary and Multi-Sectoral Coordinating Council on Family Violence shall be created by the Local Government of Davao City through the Integrated Gender and Development Office in coordination with existing women NGOs engaged in program against family violence to design protocol and mechanism for identification, assessment and interventions on family violence.
SECTION 25. Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking.
An Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking which shall be established in Davao City with the following powers and functions:
a)Formulate a comprehensive program to suppress the trafficking of women and children;
b)Conduct massive information campaigns;
c)Undertake guidance and counseling to women going abroad as fiancées of foreign nationals;
d)Make representations to schools and universities for the inclusion of migration and its implications for women in all levels of curricula;
e)Refer traffic victims to appropriate agencies;
f)Formulate a program for returning victims in cooperation with local offices of DOLE, TESDA and other government agencies involved in training and livelihood development;
g)Secure assistance from any of the local government units, departments or bureaus of the national government;
h)Exercise all powers and functions necessary to attain its purposes and objectives.
Political and Public Sphere of Women
SECTION 26. Declaration of March 8 as International Women’s Day.
March 8 shall be declared as a special public holiday through an Executive Order. There shall be a barangay-level set of activities on women and the law, current issues affecting and influencing women, and assessment of women’s status in the City of Davao and other forms of critical consciousness-raising activities.
SECTION 27. Women’s Summit of Davao.
A Women’s Summit shall be held on the first week of March every year which shall be convened and managed by a joint committee of Women Non-government Organizations (WNGOs) and Government Organizations (GOs).
SECTION 28.International Day of Action for Women’s Health.
The Local Government of Davao City shall cause the celebration of the International Day of Action for Women’ s Health on May 28 where issues and concerns relative to the protection and promotion of women’s health shall be examined, deliberated, projected and government action sought.
SECTION 29. Barangay Level Self-Organization of Women.
Self-Organization of women shall be recognized at the barangay level to include young women.
SECTION 30. Creation of Council for Women.
A Council for Women shall be organized at a district level from among the barangay level women organizations.
Women’s organizations with mass membership at the community level shall likewise be represented at the Council for Women. Women groups in schools, offices whether GO or NGO shall be represented in the Council as a cluster. Details of the Council’s operation shall be stipulated in the Implementing Rules and Regulations of this Code.
SECTION 31. Election of Women Sectoral Representative to the Sangguniang
Women sectoral representative to the Sangguniang Panlungsod shall be elected by members of the accredited women organizations in Davao City as a concrete manifestation of women’s place in local governance and in accordance with RA 7160.
SECTION 32. Representation of Women in Barangay Development Council (BDC)
The Local Government of Davao City shall ensure that at least one third (1/3) of the members of the BDC are women to strengthen government’s recognition of women’s potentials in each barangay.
SECTION 33. Women Representatives to the City Development Council (CDC).
The local government of Davao City shall ensure that at least one third (1/3) of the members of the CDC are women.
SECTION 34. Peace Based on Justice.
The network of women GOs and NGOs shall be formally consulted on peace and development issues on the basis of social equity and justice.
SECTION 35. Women in Law Enforcement Positions.
All qualified women shall be given an opportunity to assume key law enforcement positions.
Cultural Identity of Women
SECTION 36. Indigenous and Moro Women of Davao City.
The preservation of the cultural identity of the indigenous and Moro women shall be actively incorporated in all programs and projects of the Local Government of Davao City.
SECTION 37.Culturally-Appropriate Schools.
There shall be accessible and culturally appropriate schools for indigenous and Moro peoples in Davao City.
SECTION 38. Declaration of Indigenous and Moro Peoples’ Areas.
A survey of indigenous and Moro peoples’ areas in Davao City shall be undertaken within two years upon effectivity of this Code which shall become a basis for the declaration of the indigenous and Moro peoples’ areas.
SECTION 39.Integrated Development Program for Indigenous and Moro Women.
The local government of Davao City shall develop a program that shall facilitate empowerment of the indigenous and Moro women. Active support for the preservation of the indigenous women’s knowledge of the environment shall be incorporated in the program.
Labor and Employment
SECTION 40.Orientation on Sexual Harassment.
All local offices, agencies, and establishments or companies, government and private in Davao City shall conduct orientation on sexual harassment. Certificate of compliance shall be submitted to the Integrated Gender and Development Office.
SECTION 41. Setting-up of Grievance Machinery.
A grievance committee shall be set up in all local offices, agencies establishments or companies to act on complaints related to sexual harassment.
SECTION 42. Gender-Sensitive Physical Plant.
A physical plant appropriate for a gender-sensitive environment shall be adopted by all offices, agencies and establishments or companies which shall be adopted by all offices, agencies and establishments or companies which shall help prevent sexual harassment, sexual abuse and other forms of maltreatment in the workplace.
SECTION 43.Tax Incentives for Business Entities.
The Local Government of Davao City shall provide tax incentives for business entities:
a)any amount used for the establishment, maintenance and operation of the child day care support system shall be tax-deductible;
b)annual tax credit per child regularly served for at least one year in the Center; and
c)annual tax credit per woman extended with maternity leave benefits for breast feeding.
SECTION 44.Monitoring System for Labor Standards.
A mechanism shall be installed in the Integrated Gender and Development Office to monitor all offices, agencies and establishments or companies violating Labor Code provisions and the provisions of this Ordinance.
SECTION 45. Budget for Women’s Health.
A substantial portion of the health budget of the City Government shall be allocated for women’s health services.
SECTION 46. Upgrading of Health Care Delivery System.
Quality health care and services that are not discriminatory on account of their gender, age, sex, creed, religion and ethnicity shall be implemented in Davao City.
SECTION 47. Reproductive Health Care Delivery, Reproductive Health Defined.
As defined in the International Conference on Population and Development and World Health Organization and affirmed in Beijing Conference, reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes i.e. people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide it, when and how to do so.
Davao City shall adopt the reproductive health care approach at all levels of health care delivery. Such approach integrates many issues not previously considered central to population: sexuality, reproductive tract infection, gender power relations and domestic violence shall not be limited to family planning and child bearing.
SECTION 48. Women’s Control Over their Bodies.
Women’s decision to prevent and control pregnancy shall be given appropriate support and guidance by all health professionals, private and public, at very minimal cost.
SECTION 49. Gender-Sensitive Crisis Intervention Unit.
The Local Government of Davao City shall cause the establishment of a Gender-Sensitive Crisis Intervention Unit at all levels of health care, primary, secondary and 10
tertiary and shall provide service training to all health and other allied personnel who shall be assigned in this unit.
SECTION 50. Gender-Fair Approach to Pre-Marital Counseling Program.
Without prejudice to Sec. 27, Art. II of the Davao City Children’s Welfare Code, a review and redesign of the Pre-marital Counseling Program of the Local Government of Davao City shall be jointly undertaken by the Integrated Gender and Development Office, City Health Office and the Davao City Special Office on Children’s Concerns and other concerned agencies. Agencies involved shall adhere to the principle of gender-fair pre-marital counseling service.
SECTION 51. Strengthen Primary Health Care Delivery.
In consonance with the Department of Health’s thrust and Sec. 19.C, Art. III of the Davao City Children’s Welfare Code, the Local Government of Davao City shall strengthen the Primary Health Care Delivery in the context of reproductive health.
SECTION 52. Sunday Classes for Women.
Sunday classes for women shall be held in all barangay high schools in Davao City to facilitate working women’s access to education.
SECTION 53. Promotion of Gender-Sensitive Curricula.
The schools in Davao City shall actively promote gender-sensitive professional school counseling and career education programs to encourage females to pursue academic and technical courses in order to widen their future career opportunities.
SECTION 54. Adult Education.
All women desiring to engage themselves in functional and practical education shall be enlisted in adult education program which shall be set up in all barangays in Davao City.
SECTION 55.Monitoring and Reporting of Stereotyped Portrayal or Roles of Women and Men in Educational Materials.
The Integrated Gender and Development Office shall coordinate closely with the City Division of Schools, Davao Association of Colleges and Schools and other network of schools in monitoring and reporting of stereotyped portrayal of roles of women and men as projected in education materials.
Socio-Economic Benefits for Women
SECTION 56. Increase Capital Assistance for Women.
All Local Government departments and agencies engaged in socio-economic programs shall increase their capital assistance and / or subsidy to women especially on land-based projects using community bank approach.
SECTION 57. Access to Safe Water.
All barangays in Davao City shall provide easy access to safe water supply. Appropriate systems shall be installed to ease women’s workload.
Rural Women’s Rights
SECTION 58. Land for Women-Headed Households and Landless Families.
Idle lands shall be distributed to qualified women-headed households and landless families interested and committed to till the land upon issuance of a memorandum of agreement between the parties concerned. Ownership of such land shall be granted to women-headed households and landless families after ten years of continuous tillage. Support services shall be delivered by the Local Government of Davao City as part of the Memorandum of Agreement.
SECTION 59. Promotion of Land-Based Projects, Land-Based Projects Defined – are activities designed systematically in order to provide women the opportunity to have full access and control over the maximum utilization of land and other indigenous resources.
The Local Government of Davao City shall promote and support land-based projects ensuring food security for rural women utilizing science, women friendly and appropriate technology instilling collectivism.
SECTION 60. Access to Science and Women-Friendly Alternative Technology Education.
The City Agriculturist Office of the Local Government of Davao City in conjunction with the Department of Science and Technology and other related line agencies shall establish a science and women-friendly alternative technology center for rural women in each barangay.
Special Sectoral Concerns
SECTION 61. Special Education for Differently-abled Women, Differently-abled Women Defined – are women survivors of physical impairments and have differentiated needs and potentials.
There shall be a special education school for differently-abled women in Davao City which shall offer appropriate technology curricula.
SECTION 62. Advocacy on Differently-abled Women’s Rights.
Active advocacy on the rights of differently-abled women shall be conducted by the Integrated Gender and Development Office.
SECTION 63. Creative Employment Opportunities for Differently-abled Women.
The Local Government of Davao City shall develop creative employment opportunities for differently-abled women recognizing their differentiated conditions and full potentials as human persons.
SECTION 64. Reporting of Cases of Harassment Committed Against Differently-abled Women.
The Local Government of Davao City through its Integrated Gender and Development Office shall require all barangays to monitor and report cases of harassment committed against differently-abled women.
SECTION 65. Organization of Differently-abled Women.
Each barangay shall create a committee of differently-abled women within the Barangay Development Council in order to advance the interests of this special group of women.
SECTION 66. Organization of the Elderly Women.
Each barangay shall create a committee of the elderly women within the Barangay Development Council in order to advance the interests of this special group of women.
SECTION 67. Support Funds for the Elderly Women.
Funds shall be allocated to the psychological help for the elderly women to include emergency assistance, routine physical check-up, social group work program and appropriate socio-economic activities.
SECTION 68. Support to Women in Detention.
Rights of all women detainees shall be protected. a) Speedy trial of their cases shall be ensured by all concerned; b) An appropriate program shall be designed to respond to their specific needs and problems as detainees; and c) Separate structure and space for detention and rehabilitation shall be provided
SECTION 69. Respect for Women’s Sexual Preference.
Women’s rights to sexual preference shall be respected and protected.
Women and Children Support System
SECTION 70. Daycare Centers.
The local government of Davao City shall ensure that Day Care Centers are set up in every barangay to free women from other activities such as taking a job or going back to school without prejudice to the Davao City Children’s Welfare Code.
SECTION 71. Parental Authority.
The father and mother shall jointly exercise parental authority over the persons of their common children. In case of disagreement, the couple shall consult their family counsel or shall bring the matter before the Lupong Tagapamayapa for conciliation.
Gender and Development
SECTION 72. Gender and Development Defined.
Conscious efforts at improving the quality of lives of women and men based on sustained, equitable growth, and balanced ecology. It sees society as a gender system in all its aspects – economic, political and social. It views women’s oppression in both the private and public spheres. It sees women as agents of change, instead of mere recipients of development assistance. It calls for structural change as well as reorientation of the patriarchal culture.
SECTION 73. Gender Sensitivity and Training, Gender Sensitization Defined.
It is an experiential and critical process of learning and unlearning by an individual, female or male, of the causes and effects of the culturally determined roles of women and men.
All schools, offices, establishments or companies, departments and agencies of the Local Government of Davao City shall be provided with gender sensitivity orientation and training which shall equip them with theoretical and practical knowledge on gender issues and concerns. Likewise all establishments, schools, colleges and universities shall develop assessment tools for gender biases.
SECTION 74. Active Support to Gender Studies. 13
A sufficient amount shall be allotted to gender-related documentation and researches which shall form part of Davao City’s data-based program development.
SECTION 75. Popularization of Gender-Fair Materials.
There shall be an active promotion and publication of gender-fair materials in popular forms in Davao City.
SECTION 76. Gender and Development Officer.
A Gender and Development Officer shall be appointed to initiate gender And development program in the offices, establishments, companies, departments or agencies of the Local Government of Davao City in close coordination with the Offices of Integrated Gender and Development and Human Resource Development.
SECTION 77. Integrated Gender-Sensitive and Environment-Friendly Zonification Plan of Davao City.
An integrated gender-sensitive and environment-friendly zonification plan of Davao City shall constitute the following but not limited to:
a.Relocation of communities shall not deprive women of their sources of livelihood.
b.Relocation sites shall not contribute to an increase in women’s burden in economic, home, and social production.
c.Housing and industrial project sites shall be those unproductive lands unsuitable for economic purposes.
d.Industrial center for light industry shall be placed in key districts of Davao City while heavy industry shall be centralized in one district.
SECTION 78. Community-Based Environmental Plans and Programs.
Both men and women shall participate in pollution control, zero-waste technology development and management, preservation of the forest, marine and aquatic resources and indigenous reforestation with due respect for the indigenous and Moro people’s culture and rights to self determination.
SECTION 79. Gender-Sensitive Natural Resource-based Management Programs.
The Local Government of Davao City shall engage itself in the development of gender-sensitive natural resource-based management programs.
SECTION 80. Role of Women in Environmental Impact Assessment of Projects.
The Local Government of Davao City shall promote the active role of women in environmental impact assessment of projects. Instruments for environmental impact assessment shall consciously determine sex disaggregated data.
SECTION 81. Promotion of Appropriate Technology.
The Local Government of Davao City shall actively promote an alternative technology that is appropriate and safe for women.
SECTION 82. Creation of Resource Management Council.
Each barangay shall create resource management council which shall ensure promotion and protection of ecological balance and full participation of women.
SECTION 83. Sufficient Budget for Basic Social Services. 14
A sufficient amount for the basic social services for women and children in extremely difficult circumstances shall be allocated from all sources of funds.
SECTION 84. Investments and Loans.
The Local Government of Davao City shall hold consultative assemblies with women GOs and NGOs in establishing contracts for loans and investments to clarify implications on women’s welfare and development at the barangay level.
SECTION 85. Overseas Contract Workers (OCW) Wives and Children Support.
The Local Government of Davao City shall conduct at the barangay level a survey of overseas contract workers, results of which shall serve as basis for special support to women and children.
SECTION 86. Special Course on OCW.
A special course on overseas contract work primarily to orient women on the issues and concerns relative to migration shall be systematically introduced to all women especially at the barangay level.
SECTION 87. Education on National Policies.
Women and men shall undertake education on national policies and their implications on women.
SECTION 88. Special Training for Lupong Tagapamayapa.
A special para-legal training for Lupong Tagapamayapa shall be conducted along gender question and related matters.
SECTION 89. Gender Sensitization as a Pre-requisite to Employment and Promotion.
There shall be a gender-sensitive assessment to be conducted by the Gender and Development Office to all concerned as a pre-requisite to hiring and promotion of personnel.
SECTION 90. Gender and Population.
The City Health Office shall review and redesign the population program that it becomes not contraceptive-based but reproductive health conscious.
SECTION 91. Training on Non-Traditional Occupation.
Women shall be given opportunity to acquire training on non-traditional occupation such as those related to science and technologies.
BOOK II – FINAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I – PENAL PROVISIONS
Violence Against Women and Children
SECTION 1. Soliciting Women’s Services.
It’s unlawful for a person to solicit a women’s service for sexual purposes as a gift, representation, public relations, or as act of goodwill regardless of whether the solicitor profits or not from such act without prejudice to the provisions of the Revised Penal Code.
Any witness may file complaint together with the affected women to the proper court. penalty for such is a fine of P 5,000.00 or an imprisonment of one year.
SECTION 2. Other Forms of Trafficking in women.
Any person or agency who with the use of deceit, lures a woman to work abroad or in other provinces or cities in the Philippines for a particular job on a promise of high fees, but instead landed on prostitution, domestic help or other odd jobs. Violators of this provision shall be penalized by an imprisonment of one year or a fine of P 5,000.00, or both, at the discretion of the court.
SECTION 3. Sex Trade.
Any agency or any person who shall engage in keeping women for sex for a free shall suffer the penalty in accordance with the Revised Penal Code.
SECTION 4. Sex Tours.
No hotels, beach resorts, sauna baths, and related establishments shall be allowed to operate as conduit for sex tours. Cancellation of business permit, a fine of P 5,000.00 and an imprisonment of one year shall constitute the penalty for violation.
SECTION 5. “Beauty” Contest.
Beauty contests which tend to commodify, abuse, humiliate and treat women as sex objects shall be strictly prohibited in schools, communities, barangays, and by the City Government in its special celebrations, but in their stead the projection of women’s strength and potentials, specially with regard to indigenous and culturally-relevant forms shall be encourage.
Those who initiated the conceptualization and implementation of the beauty contest shall be subjected to penalty consisting of the following:
For business organizations:
a.Cancellation of business permit
b.Fine of P 5,000
c.Others, as prescribed in the implementing rules and regulations of this Code.
For representatives of agencies, departments or units of the local government of Davao
a.Suspension of one month without pay
b.Fine of P 5,000
c.Others, as prescribed in the implementing rules and regulations of this Code. Fine of P 5,000
For educational institutions, charity or welfare organizations:
a.cancellation of license to operate
b.Fine of P 5,000
c.Others, as prescribed in the implementing rules and regulations of this Code
Section 6. Fund Raising Initiative Defines.
It also refers to any activity, whether in whole or in part, integrated in any raffle dra, benefit or disco dance, premier showing ot movies, or any similar fund-raising undertakings where women are used as donor prize, substitute for prizes won, a companion package for an award, prize or recognition, or any manner, activity, come-on display, or exhibition which depicts a woman as central, partial or special focus in order to raise funds.
All fund-raising initiatives as defined in this code shall be strictly prohibited in Davao. Violators of this provision shall pay a fine of P 5,000 or imprisonment of six months, or both at the discretion of the court.
Section 7. Benefit Dance/Dico Defined.
It refers to a dance in the locality where women are in the process being commodified for fund-raising purposes.
Section 8. Women in Armed Conflict Situation.
a.No women shall be denied of basic social services in armed conflict areas
b.No women or girl-children shall b kept by any PNP/military detachment/checkpoint or any analogous quarter for purposes of comfort.
Violation shall be penalized through summary dismissal proceedings of the local AFP/PNP and/or at the discretion of the local Police Law Enforcement Board.
Section 9. Forced marriage.
No woman shall be forced to marry on the basis of violated consent. Any person or agency representative committing fraudulent or coercive act to cause and effect a forced marriage hall be liable under this Code by a fine of P5,000, or an imprisonment of one year, or both, at the discretion of the Court.
Section 10. Conscious Surveillance of Entertainment Establishments.
A regular Task Force shall be created to conduct conscious surveillance of entertainment establishments exploiting women. Failure of Task Force to submit weekly report shall be subject to administrative sanction.
Cultural Identity of Women
Section 11. Indigenous and Moro Cultural Practice.
Indigenous and Moro women shall be allowed enrolment in schools and colleges and enjoy employment opportunities without prejudice to their birth and marriage rituals where no birth and marriage certificates are issued as evidence of such life events. Failure to comply with this provision shall be subjected to a maximum fine of P 5,000
Implementing rules and regulations of this section shall include issuance of certificate by local offices of the Office of Southern Cultural Communities and Office of Muslim Affairs identifying the cultural community affiliation.
Labor and Employment
Section 12. Equal Access to Job Training and Promotion.
No woman shall be deprived of job training and promotion on account of her gender, ethnicity, creed, religion and civil status. Violations by private employers shall constitute a fine of P 5,000 and a cancellation of business permit or as prescribed by the Court. Government unit of agency head of office is liable with the penalty of three months suspension and fine of P 1,000.00
Section 13. Wage and Benefits for Women.
Every employer shall comply with the minimum wage as stipulated by the Regional Wage Board or passed by the Congress and shall grant all benefits to all women employees such as maternity leave, sick and vacation leave, retirement, termination and other benefits provided by law. Violation by private employers shall constitute a fine of P 5,000 and a cancellation of business permit or as prescribed by the Court. Government unit or agency head of office is liable with the penalty of three months suspension and a fine of P 1,000.
Section 14. Facilities and Support Systems for Women.
The Local Government of Davao city shall ensure the safety and health of women employees. In appropriate cases, it shall require employers to:
a)provide proper seats for women and permit them to use such seats when they are free from work and during working hours, provided they can perform their duties in this position without detriment to efficiency;
b)establish separate toilet rooms, lavatories and lounge for men and women and provide at least a dressing room for women;
c)establish a crèche in a workplace for the benefit of the women employees therein; and
d)provide breastfeeding centers for women in the workplaces.
Violation by private employers shall constitute a fine of P 5,000 and a cancellation of business permit or as prescribed by the Court. Government unit or agency head of office is liable with the penalty of three month suspension and a fine of P 1,000.00
Section 15. Reproductive Health Services.
Big companies as well as labor intensive establishments shall provide reproductive health services to working women regardless of civil status as a manifestation of concern for women’s role in social production. Cancellation of business permit or license to operate and a fine of P 5,000 shall constitute the penalty for provision of this Code.
Section 16. Orientation on Sexual Harassment.
All local offices agencies and establishments or companies, government and private, in Davao City shall conduct orientation on sexual harassment. Failure to comply with this provision shall pay a fine of not less than P 3,000.00 or at the discretion of the Court. The head of office shall be held liable through an administrative sanction.
Section 17. Gender-Sensitive Physical Plant.
A physical plant appropriate for a gender-sensitive environment shall be adopted by all offices, agencies and establishments or companies which shall help prevent sexual harassment, sexual abuse and other forms of maltreatment in workplaces.
Monitoring team shall be composed of representative of the offices of the City Engineer, City Social Services and Development and Integrated Gender and Development to conduct inspection in compliance with the above provision.
Failure to comply with this provision shall mean payment of a fine and a suspension of business permit or license to operate for three months. For local government department or agency, an administrative sanction shall be imposed for which the Head of Office shall be held liable.
Section 18. Increase Maternity Leave Benefits as Incentives for Breastfeeding
Mothers in the Public and Private Sector. 18
Maternity leave benefits of 90 days shall be extended to all women employees (public and private) who have rendered at least one year continuous service, provided that 90 days of the leave period shall be used for breastfeeding her new-born baby.
Employer who violates this provision shall pay a fine a fine of P 5,000 and a suspension of business permit or license to operate for six months. For local department or agency, an administrative sanction shall be imposed.
Section 19. Barangay-Based Househelp Support.
All barangays in Davao City shall conduct compulsory education for both house help and household employers on gender-sensitivity. An administrative sanction shall be imposed to any Barangay Council which fails to comply with this provision.
Section 20. Women in the Entertainment Industry.
Women engaged in the entertainment industry shall be recognized as wage earners and they shall receive a minimum wage and benefits afforded to women workers and shall render services as set in the job contract and only in the place of work as specified in the business permit of the establishment concerned. Violation of this provision shall be subjected to a fine of P5,000 or cancellation of business permit, or both at the discretion of the Court.
Section 21. Raids.
Police brutality shall not be allowed during conduct of raids in the entertainment establishment. Violation of this provision shall be subjected to an administrative sanction.
Section 22. Socialized Reproductive Health Services for All Hospitals.
No hospital in Davao City shall deny a woman living below the poverty line of reproductive health services. Certificate of indigency shall be issued by the Barangay Captain.
In cases of emergency, a social worker or any authorized personnel shall be designated to conduct rapid appraisal of the socio-economic status of the patient for admission purposes. Non-compliance of the Administrator of this provision shall be penalized by a fine of not more than P 3,000.
Socio-Economic Benefits for Women
Section 23. Socialized Lending for Women.
a.All banks, financial/lending institutions and cooperatives shall open special windows for lending to women including young women who lack access to traditional sources of collateral.
b.No woman shall be deprived of credit. Money lending institutions shall establish a “socialized lending scheme friendly to women” which shall constitute the following:
1. Bank rate interest
2. No post-dated checks
3. Certificate of Income Generating Activity from Barangay Captain
Non-compliance of this provision of this provision shall be subjected to a fine of not less than P 3,000 and a suspension of business permit or its equivalent.
Rural Women’s Rights
Section 24. Promotion of environment-Friendly Technologies.
No local government agency or its representative shall act as agent of inorganic fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides. An administrative sanction shall subject the barangay the barangay council to an administrative sanction.
Special Sectoral Concerns
Section 25. Barangay-Level Sanction on Cases of Sexual Harassment Committed Against Differently-abled Women.
All barangays in Davao City shall formulate a barangay-level sanction on cases of sexual harassment committed against differently-abled women. Failure to comply with this provision shall subject the barangay council to an administrative sanction.
Women and Children
Section 26. Support to Women and Children.
All agreements or settlements arrived at the barangay-level relative to the support of the children shall be final and executory. Violation of such agreements or settlements shall be subjected to a fine of P 1,000 and an imprisonment of one month.
Gender and Development
Section 27. Gender Sensitivity Orientation and Training.
All schools, offices, establishments or companies, departments and agencies including barangay officials of the Local Government of Davao City shall initiate gender sensitivity orientation and training, which shall equip them with theoretical and practical knowledge on gender justice. Non-compliance of this provision shall require the concerned party to pay a fine of P 5,000 and issuance of warning by the Integrated Gender and Development Office.
Likewise all establishments, school, colleges and universities shall develop assessment tools for gender biases.
Provisions for Implementation
Section 28. Creation of Integrated Gender and Development Office, Creation of
Integrated Gender and Development Office, Defined.
It refers to the office, which shall be created by the Local Government of Davao City responsible for the implementation of this Ordinance. It addresses itself to the 20
convergence of the local government efforts towards a district level coordination and cooperation in facilitating gender and development program planning, development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
The Integrated Gender and Development Office of Davao City shall be created specifically to realize the provisions of this Ordinance. It shall be the coordinative, regulatory and monitoring body of the Local Government of Davao Cit to focus on gender-sensitive projects and activities. It shall become the local expression of the National Commission on the Role of the Filipino Women (NCRFW).
Section 29. Functions of the Integrated Gender and Development Office.
This distinct Office shall have the following functions to ensure consistency in the implementation of the provisions of this Ordinance:
a. Monitoring and Coordinative Functions. These functions shall see through the realistic, measurable and tangible results of the implementation of this Ordinance.
These include but not limited to:
a.1. Gender-Sensitive Watch.
A system of services and facilities in order to monitor status of women in the City of Davao wherein all departments and agencies of Davao Cit shall develop conceptual and practical methodologies for incorporating gender perspective into all aspects of economy and policy-making. It shall collect gender and age disaggregated data on poverty situation and all aspects of economic activity and develop qualitative and quantitative statistical performance from a gender perspective. It shall also serve as the data bank of Davao City on gender and development.
a.2 Legal Aid Services Check
Coordinated services for any legal actions needed by the women in protecting their rights shall be installed.
a.3 Advocacy and Campaign Management
A coordinated advocacy and campaign on ail forms of discrimination and violence against women shall be installed.
a.4 Sustainable and Gender-Sensitive Project Development
A system of appraisals of projects to determine sustainable impact on women and men and men, local economy, politics, culture and ecosystem.
a.5 Violence in Media Check
An active dialogue with tri-media representatives shall be undertaken by the Sangguniang Panlungsod Committee on Women’s Welfare and Development and women GOs and NGOs on incidence of all forms of violence in media.
b. Regulatory Function.
This function shall include establishing protocols and standards relevant to the following concerns:
b.1 Education and Training Benchmark.
Gender-sensitivity education and training for all departments and agencies of the Local Government of Davao City and at the barangay level shall be designed. Standards for contents on the course shall be established by the Office.
b.2 Psychosocial Support Program
A holistic and indigenous approach to women with social dysfunctioning which includes attendance to their physical/biological, emotional, psychological and social needs shall be set up. Indicators of program success shall be established by the Office.
b.3 Early Childhood Care and Development Program and Services
Appropriate support services for women and children shall include crèche and day care services for infants and toddlers as prescribed in RA 6972 and the Davao City Children’s Welfare Code. Indicators of quality of services shall be established by the Office.
It shall be involved in all the processes related to the conceptualization, development, assessment and evaluation of programs and projects of the Local Government of Davao City.
Section 30. Role of the Council for Women of Davao City
The Davao City Council for Women shall become the consultative-assembly of the Integrated Gender and Development Office for its periodic planning and programming, program implementation, monitoring, assessment and evaluation.
Section 31. Rules and Regulations.
Through an Executive Order, an Executive Committee composed of the City Prosecutor’s Office, City Legal Office, City Social Services and Development Office, and the Sangguniang Panlungsod shall promulgate the rules and regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this Ordinance.
A consultative body shall be convened periodically through-out the formulation of the Implementing Rules and Regulations which shall be composed of official representatives of the various agencies of the Local Government and Women NGOs involved in the process of drafting of this Code.
A Technical Working Group shall be formed for an effective and efficient realization of the Implementing Rules and Regulations.
Such rules and regulations shall take effect upon their publication in two (2) local newspapers of general circulation.
Section 32. Compliance Report.
Within six (6) months from the effectivity of its code and every six (6) months thereafter, all Local Government departments, including its agencies and instrumentalities, shall submit a report to the Sangguniang Panlungsod on their compliance with this Code.
Section 33. Appropriations.
For the effective implementation of this Ordinance, the Local Government of Davao shall implement the amount appropriated from official development assistance as stipulated in RA 7192. It shall also appropriate six (6%) from its Annual Development Fund.
SECTION 34. Separability Clause. 22
If for any reason any section or provision of this Ordinance is declared unconstitutional or invalid, the other sections or provisions hereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and effect.
SECTION 35. Repealing Clause.
All Ordinances, local issuances or rules inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
SECTION 36. Effective Clause.
This Ordinance shall take effect upon approval and after publication in the newspapers of general circulation.
ENACTED: September 17, 1997
A vote of unanimity has been entered into the records.
(SGD.) NILO G. ABELLERA
Acting Presiding Officer
APPROVED: OCT. 14, 1997
(SGD.) GUILLERMO G. SALDANA (SGD.) RODRIGO R. DUTERTE
Secretary City Mayor II
Sangguniang Panlungsod City of Davao
(SGD.) ANTONIO V.A. LLAMAS
Republic of the Philippines
City of Davao
Office of the City Mayor
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 24
PROVIDING FOR THE RULES AND REGULATIONS IMPLEMENBTING ORDINANCE 5004, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE WOMEN DEVELOPMENT CODE OF DAVAO CITY
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
WHEREAS, it is the policy of the State to uphold the rights and general well-being of every citizen in the country;
WHEREAS, it is the policy of the Local Government of Davao City to uphold the rights of women and the belief in their worth and dignity as human beings;
WHEREAS, the Local Government of Davao City is committed to pursue and implement vigorously gender responsive development policies, design an integrated gender and development support systems, taking into consideration women’s immediate economic survival with support for their efforts of empowerment and self-determination, and to adopt and implement measures to protect and promote their rights;
WHEREAS, City Ordinance No. 5004, otherwise known as the Women Development Code of Davao City, hereinafter referred to as the Code, provides for an integrated gender and development support system in the city;
WHEREAS, Section 31, Chapter II, Book II of the said Code stipulates the creation of an Executive Committee to promulgate the rules and regulations that shall serve as guidance and measures to carry out the provisions of the Code;
WHEREAS, responsive rules and regulations are needed to affect the required mechanism that will ensure the promotion and protection of women’s rights and substantially enhance the participation of women in the development process in ways equal to that of men;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BENJAMIN C. DE GUZMAN, Mayor of the City of Davao, by virtue of powers vested in me by law and the sovereign will of the Filipino people and upon the recommendation of the Joint Executive-Legislative Committee of the Code, do hereby order:
POLICY AND APPLICATION
Section 1. Purpose. These rules and regulations provide guidance and
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Liceo Legal Aid Center (LiLAC) doing business under the name and style of Center for Alternative Lawyering of Liceo is the legal aid center of Liceo de Cagayan University, a privately owned university based in Cagayan de oro City. The group is composed of law students, alumni of the College of Law of the University, and lawyers who are passionate in the practice of alternative lawyering. LiLAC is guided by its vision of a holistic formation of law students committed to the transformation of society by promoting justice, empowerment, unity and peace, through helping the marginalized sector of the depressed areas here in Mindanao, in the Philippines and in the world. While the group was registered only this year with the Securities and Exchange Commission, it has been providing services to marginalized communities in partnership with NGOs for more than 8 years now. LiLAC has more than 50 members, 15 of whom are taking the active role of running the group’s activities.
The Mindanao State University Legal Aid Clinic or Mindanao SULAC for brevity, is the Legal Aid Clinic of Mindanao State University College of law. It is the first and currently the only one of its kind to be established in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). It strives to cater the legal needs of the underprivileged and/or indigent clients of the Region and to help promote the proper administration of justice as a key to lasting peace in the region and in the country as a whole.
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